# Data types

In eKuiper, each column or an expression has a related data type. A data type describes (and constrains) the set of values that a column of that type can hold or an expression of that type can produce.

# Supported data types

Below is the list of data types supported.

#Data typeDescription
1bigintThe int type.
2floatThe float type.
3stringText values, comprised of Unicode characters.
4datetimedatatime type.
5booleanThe boolean type, the value could be true or false.
6arrayThe array type, can be any types from simple data or struct type
7structThe complex type. Set of name/value pairs. Values must be of supported data type.

# Compatibility of comparison and calculation

There may be binary operations in each sql clause. In this example, Select temperature * 2 from demo where temperature > 20, a calculation operation is used in select clause and a comparison operation is used in the where clause. In the binary operations, if incompatible data types are used, a runtime error will happen and send to the sinks.

Array and struct are not supported in any binary operations. The compatibility of other data types are listed in below table. Whereas, the row header is the left operand data type and the column header is the right operand data. The value is the compatibility in which Y stands for yes and N stands for no.

datetimeYYY, if in the valid formatYN

The default format for datetime string is "2006-01-02T15:04:05.000Z07:00"

For nil value, we follow the rules:

  1. Compare with nil always return false
  2. Calculate with nil always return nil

# Type conversions

There is a built-in function cast(col, targetType) to explicitly convert from one date type to another in runtime. Please refer to cast for detail.